Australia | Australian Standard AS 1754 | New Zealand | New Zealand Standard NZS 1754
The Australian and New Zealand Standard label, also known as the 'five ticks' approval, indicates reliability, quality assurance and safety as the product’s most valuable attributes.
National child restraint laws were introduced in Australia on 1 July 2010:
Children up to 6 months old must use an approved rearward-facing infant restraint and must not travel in the front seat of a vehicle that has two or more rows of seats.
When fitting a rearward-facing car seat in a vehicle with only one row of seats it must have child seat fitting points available and any airbag in that position must be switched off.
Children from 6 months to 4 years of age must travel in a fearward-facing or forward-facing child safety seat.
Children from 4 to 7 years old must use a forward-facing car seat with inbuilt harness or a seat that is fastened with the regular adult car seat belt.
From 7 years and older, children must use a child (booster) seat and be restrained with an adult car seat belt or child safety harness or when tall enough, a correctly fitted adult seat belt.
For more information, download the official brochure on Australian child restraint law.
U.S.A. | Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 213 (FMVSS 213) Canada | Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213
When originally introduced in 1971, the FMVSS 213 safety standard did not include dynamic testing of child car seats. It simply specified that a seat belt should hold the child in place in the car. It did not include rearfacing car seats either. In 1981, the FMVSS 213 was amended to include dynamic tests of all car seats for children under 50 pounds, establishing the basic elements of the standard used in the US today. It included rearfacing restraints, car beds, 30 mph crash tests and buckle release force (so a child cannot release the harness) en special labelling and instruction criteria.
Child car restraints are generally compulsory in the United States and Canada. Check for an overview of the current child Car seat laws in the US and Canada.